In 1920, Woodrow Wilson was president. Women had just gained
the right to vote, prohibition was in full swing, and the average household
income for Americans was $1236.00 per year. Imagine attending Bears games in
2004 with that annual income. Or try to get through a game without drinking...
According to the Kingwood College Library website, it took
13 days to cross the United States from New York to California in 1920. That
year, a man named George Stanley Halas was helping lessen the length of that
trip by working as a bridge engineer for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy
Railroad. Not that Halas had had a dull life up to that point. By 1920, he had
already played college football at Illinois, participated in the military
during World War I and played professional baseball for the New York Yankees.
In 1919, however, Halas had decided to settle down, move closer to his family
in Chicago, and concentrate on earning a decent living in a "real" job. Until
one day in March 1920, when his phone rang unexpectedly.
On the other end of that phone call was George Chamberlain
of the A.E. Staley Company from Decatur, IL, which is around 200 miles
southwest of Chicago. The company had fielded a club football team the previous
season, and Chamberlain wondered if Halas would be interested in taking a job
with his company. Halas would be a starch-maker by day, and on the side would
re-organize the football team, as well as found baseball and basketball teams.
Chamberlain learned of Halas due to his college football days, as well as his
achievements in coaching and playing for his Great Lakes Naval team during The
Great War. Halas jumped at the opportunity and relocated to the Central
Halas traveled the midwest that summer, in what he called
the "first professional football recruiting trip", signing the 1920 Staley
team. Included in that charter roster of players were Dutch Sternaman, Hugh
Blacklock, George Trafton and Guy Chamberlain.
Halas scheduled games against other club teams from Illinois
that fall, and in September traveled to Canton, OH, for a legendary meeting
with other professional team owners. From that informal meeting came the
American Professional Football Association, which would be renamed the National
Football League several years later. Each organization scrounged and came up
with $100 each to join. Imagine the capital gains taxes the McCaskey family
will pay when they sell the Bears for close to $1 billion!
The Decatur Staley football club played 13 games in 1920,
finishing 10-1-2. No champion of the loosely organized 1920 AFPA was named.
Prior to the 1921 season, A.E. Staley himself called Halas to his office.
Business was down and he could no longer afford to subsidize the team. He gave
Halas his blessing, and encouragement, to move the operation to Chicago, a much
larger city. Staley provided Halas the team's uniforms, seed money, and asked
that he keep the Staley name for the 1921 season. Halas also agreed to provide
free advertising in game programs for the Staley Company.
Halas and Sternaman, partners in the new venture, secured an
agreement with Bill Veeck, owner of the Chicago Cubs, to play in Cubs Park. The
two parties agreed on a mutually beneficial lease, with the Cub owners drawing
a percentage off of Bears ticket sales, and the Chicago Staleys were in
business for 1921. The same lease terms would remain in effect until the Bears
moved to a larger venue, Soldier Field, in 1971. Wrigley Field to this day
remains the site of more professional football games than any other stadium.
In 1921, the Green Bay Packers joined the AFPA, while the
Chicago Staleys finished with a record of 9-1-1 and were named league champions
for the first time. In 1922 they decided to change the name of the team, and
first considered the Cubs in gratitude to the benevolent Veeck. But Halas,
surmising that football players were generally bigger than their baseball
counterparts, decided to name them the Bears. That year Halas also acquired
Hall of Fame tackle Ed Healy from the Rock Island Independents.
The 1923-1924 seasons were largely a battle to draw
spectators to the new game of professional football. Many purists of the sport
looked at it as tarnishing the the reputation and ideals of the collegiate
sport, where the game was played for the thrill of battle rather than for
money. Soon the two competing ideologies would begin to meld.
Harold "Red" Grange, from Wheaton, IL, was a football phenom
at the University of Illinois in the early part of the decade. An enterprising
owner of a moviehouse in Champaign, IL named C.C. Pyle met with the "Wheaton
Iceman" during the fall of 1925 and proposed he join the ranks of the
professional. Shortly after this meeting, Pyle began negotiating with Halas and
Sternaman, proposing a coast-to-coast football tour that would pit the Bears
against any local team willing to play. The Bears signed Grange under the noses
of other professional teams, and Grange joined Chicago for their final two
games of the '25 season.
After the 1925 regular season was complete, the Bears
embarked on the historic "Barnstorming Tour", which took them across the
country from the Northeast, to Florida, then to the Pacific Northwest. The
Bears played 16 games in 45 days, bringing the sport of professional football
to hundreds of thousands of new fans. Grange and his agent made over $100,000
from the tour, but at its conclusion asked for an ownership stake in the team
for him to continue with the Bears in 1926. Halas and Sternaman refused, and
Grange was done as a Bear, for the time being.
From 1926-1928 the NFL fought a successful battle against a
rival league founded by Pyle, and in 1929 Grange re-signed with Chicago. Halas
and Sternaman retired from coaching to focus on running the business end of the
club, and hired a new head coach, Ralph Jones. After helping give birth to a
new league and American pastime, the Bears would soon innovate a new style of
play, as they continued to do so many other times in their history.
Head Coaches 1920-1929: George Halas and
Dutch Sternaman, 1920-1929
Records: Best 12-1-3, 1926; Worst 4-9-2,